- Log into your Control Panel (cPanel). In the left hand side, enter ‘Backup’ into the ‘File’ box.
- On the right hand side, you should now see a few icons. In the category ‘Files’, click ‘File Manager’.
- You will now see the ‘File Manager’ page. By default, you will be presented with the ‘/public_html’ directory. Navigate to the directory / file you wish to change the permissions of, & left click it once.
- Click the ‘Change Permissions’ icon, a set of keys, in the top navigation bar of the File Manager page. Alternatively, right click said file, & click ‘Change Permissions’.
- A popup window will be displayed. If you know the desired settings you wish to modify, enter them into either the check boxes, or the text input boxes. If not, see below.
- Once you have modified / entered the desired numerical / check-box setting, click ‘Change Permissions’. You have successfully modified the permissions of a file / directory inside cPanel & ‘File Manager’.
A little explanation:
Permissions are set in three categories. ‘Owner’, ‘Group’ & ‘Everyone’ (In cPanel, they refer to these as ‘User’, ‘Group’ & ‘World’.
We use numbers to choose which level of access we wish each of the above categories (users) to have. See below;
0 = No Permissions (the user(s) cannot do anything).
1 = Execute Only (the user(s) can only execute the file).
2 = Write Only (the user(s) can only write to the file).
3 = Write and Execute Permissions.
4 = Read Only.
5 = Read and Execute Permissions.
6 = Read and Write Permissions.
7 = Read, Write and Execute Permissions.